NACO: Geographic Headings in Other Countries
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Princeton University Cataloging Documentation

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Geographic names

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When and how to establish

Approved sources
  United States
  Great Britain
  Other countries

Non-roman scripts

No sources found

Links to online sources

Other countries

Use GEOnet, the database of the United States Board on Geographic Names, at URL:

Cite as (Note the revision of earlier guidelines for citing BGN online):

    670 GEOnet, [date of search]b([place name]; [feature designation], [latitude, longitude]; ref. from: [variants]; [other information])
Example: [search for Varese Province, Italy]
    Varese: see Varese, Provincia di
    ADM2 4548'00"N 848'00"E IT00 MR87 NL32-08
    Varese, Provincia di
    ADM2 4548'00"N 848'00"E IT00 MR87 NL32-08
    PPL 4548'00"N 850'00"E IT09 MR87 NL32-08
Cite as:
    670 GEOnet, Apr. 7, 1998b(Varese [brief], Provincia di; ADM2, 45.48N, 8.48E; ref. from: Varese; also lists town (PPL) called Varese)
NOTE: It is not necessary to include the seconds in the expression of latitude and longitude.

When access to GEOnet is not available, or at the discretion of the cataloger, the print editions of the BGN gazetteers, or another recently published gazetteer may be used. If none of these is available, an encyclopedia in the appropriate language may be used. Base the heading on the form found, together with a consideration of the form found in the work being cataloged, as instructed in RI 23.2.


    670 BGN, Italy, 1996b(Fie; PPL, 46.31N, 11.30E)
    670 Col. Lipp. gaz.b(Loharu, town, Hissar dist., S Punjab, India, 50 mi S of Hissar)