6. Friedrich Justin Bertuch.
During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, many European
children would have learned about insects from the famous picture encyclopedia
in German, French, English, and Italian compiled by the Weimar bookseller
Bertuch (1747-1822). It was first published in twelve volumes between
1790 and 1830 and was supposed to give young readers realistic, accurate,
and detailed pictures of the natural world. Bertuch intended the 2,000
engraved plates for coloring or cutting up into cards, as desired,
by young readers. This plate depicts 1) alligator-headed lantern fly
2) locust (gryllus migratorius), 3) praying mantis (mantis
religiosa), 4) cicada (cicada plebeja), 5) Hercules beetle (scrabaeus
Hercules), and 6) May beetle (scrabaeus melolontha).
The Hercules and May beetles appear in other images found in this exhibition.