Citing Sources

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Online Guides to Citing Print and Electronic Sources

The following links provide examples of note and reference list formats in several commonly used bibliographic styles: MLA (Modern Language Association),  APA (American Psychological Association), Chicago (a style used by many disciplines), and CSE (scientific style). For the complete official guides to these formats, see the section below.

Official Style Guides


The Chicago Manual of Style. 17th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. (Includes browsable and searchable versions of both the 16th (2010) and 17th (2017) editions.)
(Also in print in multiple library locations.)

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. 8th ed. Chicago:University of Chicago Press, 2013. (A more accessible guide to Chicago style; in print at multiple library locations.)


MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 8th ed. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
(In print at multiple library locations.)


Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed. Washington: American Psychological Association, 2010.
(In print at multiple library locations.)


Scientific Style and Format: the CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. 8th ed. Style Manual Committee, Council of Science Editors. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014. (In print at Firestone Ready Reference T11 .S386 2014.)


The Bluebook: a Uniform System of Citation. 20th ed. Cambridge: Harvard Law Review Association, 2015. (In print at multiple library locations.)