American History/20th Century
Examples of papers in our collections include the Adlai E. Stevenson Papers, Allen Dulles Papers, John Foster Dulles Papers, American Civil Liberties Unions Records, Bernard Baruch Papers, Council on Foreign Relations Records, David E. Lilienthal Papers and more.
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Collections with Divisional Holdings
John Foster Dulles State Department records
The collection consists of 192 reels of microfilm, totaling about 131,000 individual microfilm frames, as well as a series of declassified documents. The collection can be characterized in general as the State Papers of Secretary John Foster Dulles, 1953-1959. The originals of all papers, with the exception of Mr. Dulles's personal appointment book, are located in the Department of State.
Benjamin Strong Collection
Contains records pertaining to the former Benjamin Strong Collection of Foreign Public Finance in Princeton University Library, which was funded by Strong with the objective of acquiring books and original source material chronicling the development of foreign public finance, central banking, and international trade. Included are correspondence (1925-1950) of librarians Laura S. Turnbull and James Thayer Gerould, bulletins, reports, committee files, and requests to foreign countries for related publications.
Paul D. Tillett, Jr. Papers
The papers of Paul D. Tillett, Jr. largely relate to his study, “The Social Costs of the Loyalty Programs.” The most significant part of this collection is the responses to questionnaires Tillett sent to academic professionals and a few federal employees in 1964, who were adversely affected by official inquiries into Communist activities during the 1950s. The questionnaire was designed to evaluate the long-term financial and psychological consequences of the anti-Communist crusade.
Dwight D. Eisenhower Library files relating to John Foster Dulles
Consists of copies of correspondence, telephone conversations, memoranda, messages, statements, speeches, treaty drafts, and other material in the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library in Abilene, Kansas, relating to John Foster Dulles (Princeton Class of 1908) during his term as secretary of state (1951-1959), which have been declassified by the General Services Administration from 1979 to the present. Included are papers of Dwight D. Eisenhower and files of John M. Allison on Japan.
William O. Baker Papers
Baker's papers document his government service beginning with President Eisenhower, as well as his career at Bell Labs, and include correspondence, writings, and reports. The papers include materials on his governmental service at both the federal and New Jersey state level, notably for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB), President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC), New Jersey Board of Higher Education, and New Jersey Commission on Science and Technology.
Arthur Garfield Hays Papers
Consists of correspondence, case files, speeches, articles, books, news clippings, and photographs which document Hays's career as a New York City lawyer and general counsel for the ACLU beginning in 1920. Case files comprise the single largest series of this collection and include correspondence, court papers, legal briefs, and other items related to particular court cases in which Hays was a participant.
Harold Gardiner Bowen Papers
Consists of selected papers of Vice-Admiral Bowen including speeches, articles, documents, printed matter, and manuscripts for his book Ships, Machinery, and Mossbacks, The Autobiography of a Naval Engineer (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1954). The papers primarily refer to his various activities as director of the Naval Research Laboratory (1939-1942), special assistant to the Secretary of the Navy (1939-1947), chief of the Office of Naval Research (1946-1947), and executive secretary of the Thomas Alva Edison Foundation.
John Foster Dulles Papers
The Dulles papers document his entire public career and his influence on the formation of United States foreign policy, especially for the period when he was Secretary of State, and include his correspondence files, as well as his writings, reports, and memorabilia. The papers include materials on his work regarding the formulation of treaties, United States-Soviet Union relations, atomic weapons and energy, the United Nations, and efforts for establishing and maintaining world peace.
Bernard Flexner Papers
Contains the personal papers of Flexner, including diaries and letters to his sister Mary while he served with the American Red Cross Commission to Romania (1917) and as counsel for the Zionist delegation to the Paris Peace Conference (1918-1919); material concerning Albert Einstein, Franklin D.
Osmond K. Fraenkel Diaries
This collection contains typed extracts taken from his diary that pertain to his work with the ACLU. These excerpts, arranged chronologically, consist primarily of his notes on ACLU meetings, monthly luncheons, conferences, and court cases. Fraenkel details the conversations and opinions of Roger Baldwin, Arthur Garfield Hays, Patrick Malin, and others.All excerpts are dated and contain both factual information and editorial comments by Fraenkel. Some entries are retrospective, though most were recorded shortly after events occurred.
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