American History/20th Century

Examples of papers in our collections include the Adlai E. Stevenson Papers, Allen Dulles Papers, John Foster Dulles Papers, American Civil Liberties Unions Records, Bernard Baruch Papers, Council on Foreign Relations Records, David E. Lilienthal Papers and more.

To search these collections please use the Finding Aid's website.

Collections with Divisional Holdings

  • Charles Willis Thompson Papers

    Consists of selected papers of Thompson, including 27 scrapbooks of clippings (1884-1941) of his columns and articles written while he was a Washington correspondent, book reviewer, and editor of the New York Times (1899-1921) and, later, a writer in Philadelphia for the Public Ledger (1921-1922) and Commonweal (1930-1931). Also included are 11 volumes called \The Archives\ containing papers read before the Beecher Literary and Debating Society (1887-1910) in Brooklyn and a history of the club (1887-1907) compiled and edited by Thompson with the assistance of Reuben A. Bull.

  • Francis Martin Ellis notes on Japan

    Contains notes of Ellis (Princeton Class of 1945) entitled \Notes on the Present Political Situation\ in Japan, covering June 28 to August 10, 1946, during the period in which he served as a translator and interpreter of Japanese, and \Proceedings of the Japanese Diet,\ May 31 to Sept. 7, 1946, which he summarized and translated into English.

  • John Foster Dulles Papers

    The Dulles papers document his entire public career and his influence on the formation of United States foreign policy, especially for the period when he was Secretary of State, and include his correspondence files, as well as his writings, reports, and memorabilia. The papers include materials on his work regarding the formulation of treaties, United States-Soviet Union relations, atomic weapons and energy, the United Nations, and efforts for establishing and maintaining world peace.

  • Hugh Lenox Scott Papers

    Consists of papers of Scott relating primarily to his mission as a military member of the Special Diplomatic Commission headed by Elihu Root, which was sent to Russia by Woodrow Wilson in 1917 to encourage the Russian people to continue participation in World War I and to assure them of American aid.

  • Osmond K. Fraenkel Diaries

    This collection contains typed extracts taken from his diary that pertain to his work with the ACLU. These excerpts, arranged chronologically, consist primarily of his notes on ACLU meetings, monthly luncheons, conferences, and court cases. Fraenkel details the conversations and opinions of Roger Baldwin, Arthur Garfield Hays, Patrick Malin, and others.All excerpts are dated and contain both factual information and editorial comments by Fraenkel. Some entries are retrospective, though most were recorded shortly after events occurred.

  • American Committee for Devastated France Records

    The collection contains annual reports, minutes, records of account, promotional pamphlets and several news clippings praising the work of the ACDF. A report by an unknown author chronicles the establishment of École de Scoutisme, and recommends facilitating “the scout movement of France.” Approximately half of the collection consists of the correspondence (1920-1926) of ACDF treasurer Alexander C. Humphreys. The letters and telegrams document exchanges between Humphreys and several members of the Executive Committee (especially Chairman Anne Morgan) on funds allocation.

  • William Fitts Ryan Papers

    The collection contains material from Ryan's time as a United States Congressman including campaign materials from New York and Washington D.C., correspondence, research and subject files, and office records. There are also files from his home office and personal papers.

  • Charles T. Lanham Papers

    The Charles T. Lanham Papers documents the general’s WWII and post war military service, his private sector employment with several corporations, and his extensive correspondence from 1944 until his death in 1978. The papers contain correspondence, scrapbooks, photographs, journals, speeches, and legal documents. The materials that compose the private sector series, the majority of which are correspondence, document his individual work and the activities of the Market Relations, Penn Texas, and Xerox corporations.

  • Fight for Freedom, Inc. Records

    The Fight for Freedom, Inc. Archives documents the views and activities of a national citizen’s organization that was formed in April 1941 to press for the United States’s immediate entry into World War II in defense of Britain and other victims of Nazi aggression. The collection consists of organizational records and material acquired in the course of Fight for Freedom’s work, including correspondence, speeches, writings, press releases, administrative records, printed matter, photographs, phonograph records, and ephemera.

  • John Foster Dulles oral history collection

    This collection consists of 282 transcripts of tape-recorded interviews concerning
    John Foster Dulles (Princeton Class of 1908) and his times by men and women who knew
    and worked with him, such as Roswell P. Barnes, Robert R. Bowie, Walter Judd, and
    Carl McCardle. Some of the main topics covered in the various interviews are the
    Versailles Treaty, the League of Nations, the Federal Council of Churches, the San

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