American History/20th Century
Examples of papers in our collections include the Adlai E. Stevenson Papers, Allen Dulles Papers, John Foster Dulles Papers, American Civil Liberties Unions Records, Bernard Baruch Papers, Council on Foreign Relations Records, David E. Lilienthal Papers and more.
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Collections with Divisional Holdings
Peter H. B. Frelinghuysen Papers
The Peter H.B. Frelinghuysen Papers document his career as the United States House representative of New Jersey's 5th district from 1952 to 1975. The papers focus on his House activities, his service on the Committee of Education and Labor and Committee on Foreign Relations, as well as to his tenure on the United Nations General Assembly.
William O. Douglas oral history interviews
Consists of a 384-page transcription of taped conversations--and the tapes themselves--between Associate Justice of the Supreme Court William O. Douglas and Walter F. Murphy, professor of politics at Princeton University. Recorded on 19 cassettes, the interviews took place from 1961 to 1963 and were transcribed in the Library, but were not edited by either participant.The interviews cover most of Douglas' government career. Names which occur frequently in the conversations include Hugo Black, Felix Frankfurter, Charles E. Hughes, Franklin D.
David Magie Papers
Consists of papers of Magie (Princeton Class of 1897, professor of classics at Princeton University) relating primarily to his activities as a member of the staff of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace in 1919, including a transcript of his interview with Woodrow Wilson on May 22, 1919. Also present are background notes and memoranda by Magie, William Yale, and others on Syria, Lebanon, Armenia, Greece, and other Near East countries, his report \The Kurds of the Ottoman Empire,\ and his notes taken as a student of the classics in Germany (1901-1904).
Adlai E. Stevenson Papers
The Adlai E. Stevenson Papers contain correspondence, speeches, writings, campaign materials, United Nations materials, subject files, personal files, scrapbooks, travel materials, photographs, and audiovisual materials. The correspondence is a particularly rich resource for documenting all aspects of Stevenson's life and career. Stevenson's two presidential campaigns and service to the United Nations in both the 1940s and early 1960s are also well-documented in the appropriate series.
Hamilton Fish Armstrong Papers
Consists of both personal and public papers of Armstrong (Princeton Class of 1916), including correspondence, notebooks, memoranda, writings, memorabilia, photographs, and clippings. The correspondence series is a major resource for the shaping of 20th-century American foreign policy. It documents the history of the Council, the expanding role of FOREIGN AFFAIRS magazine, the interactions of Armstrong and Archibald Cary Coolidge in shaping the journal, and Armstrong’s extended discussions with public servants, academics, and journalists regarding leading issues between 1920 and 1972.
John T. Find files
Consists primarily of newspaper clippings, study materials, and other printed matter of Find (Princeton Class of 1922) reflecting his interests in the Far East, Chinese languages and education, the Soviet Union, the United States government, and the Vietnam conflict. Also included are correspondence, writings, notes, and other records.
Peggy Lamson Collection on Roger Baldwin
This collection consists of letters, original documents, photocopies of documents, and articles, detailing Roger Baldwin's life and career, as well as correspondence and memoranda relating to Lamson's work on Baldwin's biography. The collection also contains the audio cassette tapes and transcripts from Lamson's interviews with Baldwin conducted in 1973. Included is an index of the subject matter contained on each of the thirty-eight tapes in the collection. There are 36 tapes from the Lamson-Baldwin interviews and two other cassette tapes recorded by Baldwin and later given to Lamson.
William Hard Papers
The collection contains Hard's files for a planned book on the League of Nations fight, which include voluminous correspondence, notes, typescripts, articles, speeches, articles, and supplementary materials. Correspondence files include drafts of conversations with Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and other prominent personalities. Notes and typescripts contain the book outline and typed chapters; reference notes on various issues including the League Fight, Versailles Treaty and the World Court.
David Lawrence Papers
Consists of the papers of Lawrence (Princeton Class of 1910), including correspondence with John Foster Dulles, Dwight D. Eisenhower, George Gallup, Herbert Hoover, Catherine Joseph, Ellanor Campbell Lawrence, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and many others; articles and speeches; a large file of his dispatches (1915-1973) as a correspondent for the Associated Press and later as an independent; editorials (1933-1973) for the U.S.
W. Willard Wirtz Collection on Adlai Stevenson
The W. Willard Wirtz Collection on Adlai Stevenson documents Stevenson’s 1952 and 1956 presidential campaigns, as well as Stevenson’s other political activities through 1960. Because Wirtz was a speechwriter in 1952, in charge of speech content in 1956, and a close advisor and occasional speechwriter at other times, this collection documents most strongly the campaign activities of drafting speeches and fine-tuning policy statements.Speeches and drafts form the bulk of the collection, although campaign memoranda, correspondence, and reports may also be found here.
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