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Aeronautica

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From the Library's Museum Objects collection / Ex 4993
From the Library's Museum Objects collection / Ex 4993

Covering the history of Aviation from 1490-1970.

  • Harold Fowler McCormick Collection of Aeronautica

    When first received, the collection consisted of 55 books, numerous manuscripts, and many prints. When processed, the collection was divided among the Divisions of the Department. All books are catalogued; many in LC aeronautica designation, and Richardson 9235's and are found in the General Rare Books Collection. A list of books in the collection is available in the Munger (Kane) Room reference shelf. See full text of McCormick Collection of Aeronautica. A listing of the Collection made at the time of gift. Xerox checklist made and bound, December 1978. 

    The collection of aeronautica assembled by Harold Fowler McCormick, Princeton Class of 1896, was given to the library by Alexander Stillman. Maurice H. Smith, "Travel by Air before 1900," Princeton University Library Chronicle 27 (1966), pp. 143-147 [ full text], gives a summary account of the holdings. (I am grateful to Mrs. Samuel H. Bryan, Jr., for calling this article to my attention.) They include iconography, documents, and printed materials. Among the documents are eight letters written by Etienne de Montgolfier to Desmarest. Two printed works have been especially valuable. The first item is the contemporary history of the earliest balloon experiments, Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond, Description des expériences de la machine aérostatique de MM de Montgolfier et de celles auxquelles cette découverte a donné lieu (1783). It is bound together with a second volume, Première suite de la description des expériences aérostatiques...... (1784). The second item in the McCormick Collection that has been specially useful is copy 278 of a privately printed volume, Comte de La Vaulx and Paul Tissandier, Joseph et Etienne de Montgolfier (Annonay, 1926). It consists of reproductions of portraits and contemporary prints together with facsimiles of certain documents from one or another of the collections of family papers mentioned above. The transcriptions are not always reliable. (The above text is quoted from Charles Coulston Gillespie,The Montgolfier Brothers and the Invention of Aviation, 1783-1784 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983), p. 179.)

    Some highlights are:

    1. Francesco Lana Terzi. Prodromo overo saggio di alcune inventione nuove promesso so all' Arte maestra. Brescia, 1670. Only edition of this famous illustrated work which presents "the earliest concept of flight based on aerostatic principles" (Dibner, Heralds of Science). Other subjects covered: crytography, hygrometer, microscope, telescope, clocks, thermometers. 
    2. [Barthélemy Faujas de Saint-Fond]. Beschreibung der Versuche mit den aerostatischen Maschinen der Herren von Montgolfier. Leipzig, 1784. 
    3. Agostino Gerli. Opusculi. Parma, 1785. 
    4. Jules Latrige. Des Aérostats et leur direction. Paris, 1858. 
    5. Hatton Turnor. Astra Castra. London, 1865. 
    6. La Ballon Poste, numbers 1-22. (October 30, 1870-January 29, 1871), a complete set of a rare periodical known as "the birth of air mail."

    See also Collections File folder headed AERONAUTICA. The prints are in the care of the Graphic Arts Collection as of June, 1982; see (GA) GC014 for a complete listing of the collection. See also the listing of the Pendray Collection in the MSS Division collections descriptions in the Munger (Kane) Room.

    The following four items are of particular interest:

    Item 57 in the McCormick Collection list. Two scrapbooks formed by Henry B.H. Beaufoy with his bookplate. Material on ballooning 1784-1843 including newspaper clippings, advertisements, handbills, manuscripts, tickets, and contemporary prints, etc. from miscellaneous sources. Includes Beaufoy's own account of an ascent with Sadler, 1811, an 1824 broadside of a Graham-Beaufoy ascent, an aerial plat, numerous advertising broadsides (especially 1830s-1840s). Together with a manuscript index covering both volumes, all at the call number (Ex) 9253.114q.

    Item 283 in the McCormick Collection list. Large folio with the spine title 'Drawings and Engravings 1783-1885'. Includes more than 120 aeronautical prints. Call number for this book is (Ex) 9253.309e. Detailed list of the contents is available.

    Item 284 in the McCormick Collection. Two large volumes with the call number (Ex) 9253.143f contain the following: "a remarkable and extensive collection of 303 prints, printed matter, portraits, views, advertisements, bills, posters, music, caricatures, & c., all relating to balloons and ballooning, comprising ILLUSTRATIONS of the Flying Ship, the Chavolant or Kite Carriage, the Aerial Ship, Globe aerostatique, ascent of MM Charles et Robert, départ de MM. Charles et Robert du Jardin des Tuileries, Machine aerostatique de Messrs. L'Abbeé Midan et Janninet, Mr Lunardi ascending from the Artillery Ground, Moorfields, Ascent of Mr Blanchard from Chelsea, the Perilous Situation of Major Money, Ascent of Mr Sadler at Oxford, &c., the Fortress in Green Park with Balloon Ascent, the Pagoda and Bridge in St James' Park with Balloon Ascent, the Frist Balloon within the Artic Circle, descent of Mr Livingston on the Coast of the County Dublin, Opening of the New London Bridge with Balloon Ascent, the Vauxhall Royal Balloon, the Great Montgolfier Balloon, Mr Graham's Ascent at the Opening of the New Hungerford Market, the Flying Steamship (pocket handkerchief), the Century of Invention (pocket handkerchief) - BILLS and POSTERS: Mr Green's Ascents from various places throughout the Country, of Ascents at Vauxhall Gardens, of Balloon Races, and of Ascents from the Surrey Zoological Gardens - PORTRAITS: of V. Lunardi, J.P. Blanchard, F. Pilatre de Rozier, Mr Sadler, J.M. Hobard, Monsier Garnerin, John Hampton &c. - Prints of balloons, views, part of Mr Green's Balloon, autograph letters of Montgolfier (4 such)...." [from the bookseller's description. Note on provenance of this item: it is lot 8 in the New York auction catalog Illustrated Catalogue of the Valuable Library Formed by the Late M.C.D Borden ... at the American Art Galleries, Feb. 17-19, 1913.] 
    Detailed list of the contents is available.

    Particulars about the above and other volumes are to be found in the listing for the McCormick Collection filed in the Collections File under the heading: Aeronautica.

  • The McCormick Collection of Aeronautical Illustrations, 1783-1898 (GC014) consists of approximately 300 prints and drawings dealing with the first attemps at ballooning and air transportation collected by McCormick (Class of 1895). The collection includes cartoons, caricatures, pen-and-ink drawings, etchings and engravings. Among the artists represented are: George Cruikshank, Isaac Robert Cruikshank and Thomas Rowlandson. Individual print records can be found in the Library catalog and the Visuals Database.  

    See also the following Graphic Arts blog post: McCormick Ballon Print Collection.

     

  • In addition to 2,750 books and 600 pamphlets and journal issues, Arthur L. Newman '23 bequested to the Library approximately 1,000 aeronatical medals.  For a chronological checklist of the medals, see Arthur L. Newman '23 Collection of Aeronautical Medals (NC010)

Research Tools for Printed Material (Books, Maps, Prints, etc.)

Atlases and Maps

  • Philippe Vandermaelen: Atlas Universel (1827)

    In March 2009, with substantial funds provided by the Friends of the Princeton University Library, supplemented with money from Rare Books, the Historic Maps Collection acquired a copy of Belgian cartographer Philippe Vandermaelen’s Atlas universel, consisting of approximately 380 conically projected sheets of maps and 40 pages of statistical tables in six volumes. This folio-size atlas is remarkable for several reasons. It is the first atlas produced by the then new printing process of lithography. It is also the first atlas to show the whole world in maps using a large uniform scale—about 26 miles to the inch. Moreover, the maps are designed to be joined into a three-dimensional terrestrial globe with a diameter of approximately 7.75 meters (almost 25 feet). The library's Digital Studio joined in our project to digitize the sheets so that they could be made available, in high resolution, over the web. In addition, because of the projection of the maps, we felt that stitching the continental maps together and wrapping their "skin" over a generic globe would provide a unique viewing experience--creating a virtual 3D version of Vandermaelen's physical globe. This was achieved by the library's GIS librarian, with some help from the university's Media Center.

  • Rare Books

    See entrys in thie guide for the following:

    ENGLISH BOOKS, EARLY PRINTED, 1475-1700
    ENGLISH BOOKS -- The Princeton One Hundred Great English Books
    ENGLISH CIVILIZATION OF THE LATTER SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
    ENGLISH LITERATURE AND HISTORY -- EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY See: VICTORIAN POETS, VICTORIAN NOVELISTS as well as many relevant author entries in this Guide
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE 1890'S
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY See: EDWARDIAN NOVELS, BEACH, SYLVIA (1887-1962), and many relevant author entries in this Guide

  • Public Policy

    Dwight D. Eisenhower Administration Photographs

    George W. Ball Papers

    John Foster Dulles Papers

    Chalmers Benedict Wood Papers

    Development and Resources Corporation 

    William E. Colby Papers

    George McGovern Papers

    William P. Bundy Papers

    Arthur F. Rall Papers

  • Todd Collection of Photographically Extra-Illustrated Tauchnitz Editions, 1750-1985

    TEXT

  • Miscellaneous Screenplays

    The collection consists of miscellaneous screenplays and related materials, such as continuity, superimposed versions (i.e. script translations), release dialogue scripts, and revisions/drafts. There are also a few information packets--these include interviews with and/or biographies of stars, synopses, and various and sundry other materials meant for release. Studios represented include 20th Century Fox, United Artists, Warner Brothers, MGM, Universal Studios, Paramount Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney. Film titles of note include "Barbarella," "Buck Rogers," "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid," "Casablanca," "Chinatown," "Cinderella," "Citizen Kane," "A Clockwork Orange," "Doctor Zhivago," "Flashdance," "Goldfinger," "Superman," "Taming of the Shrew," "The Ten Commandments," "2001: A Space Odyssey, and "Wait Until Dark."

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers

    The collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes andrelated material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of ZeldaFitzgerald. Included are the typescript, set for printer, of Save Me the Waltz (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,1932), manuscripts (mostly typescripts) of short stories, articles, and her play Scandalabra , and tear sheets of some of herpublished articles and stories: "Big Top," "Caesar's Things," "Choreography ofan Idea," "Janno and Jacob," "Other Names for Roses," "Show Mr. and Mrs. F. toNumber...," and "Unembellished." Also present is a portrait drawing by Zelda ofher husband, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and several other drawings. There are lettersto her daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald (married name, Scottie FitzgeraldSmith), correspondence with other people, such as Ludlow Fowler, Charles Kalman,Margaret Turnbull, George Nathan, and others, and correspondence between variousfamily members. Correspondence between Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald is gatheredin his Papers (C0187). Additions to her papers consist of a family scrapbook of photographs, clippingsand memorabilia, dating from Zelda's childhood to 1927, and an album, compiledby Eleanor Lanahan in 1997, entitled Zelda by Herself, The Art of Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald , which contains a 45-page catalogand 235 color slides of all of the known art works of Zelda Fitzgerald and theirvarious locations. A later addition includes a jacket worn by Zelda, aphotograph of Zelda, Lane Montgomery's notes about Zelda from her writings, andher correspondence with Scottie Fitzgerald Smith (daughter of Zelda and F. ScottFitzgerald) and others about Zelda and William Luce's play Zelda (1984) in which Ms. Montgomery collaborated and performed.

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers

    The collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes andrelated material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of ZeldaFitzgerald. Included are the typescript, set for printer, of Save Me the Waltz (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,1932), manuscripts (mostly typescripts) of short stories, articles, and her play Scandalabra , and tear sheets of some of herpublished articles and stories: "Big Top," "Caesar's Things," "Choreography ofan Idea," "Janno and Jacob," "Other Names for Roses," "Show Mr. and Mrs. F. toNumber...," and "Unembellished." Also present is a portrait drawing by Zelda ofher husband, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and several other drawings. There are lettersto her daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald (married name, Scottie FitzgeraldSmith), correspondence with other people, such as Ludlow Fowler, Charles Kalman,Margaret Turnbull, George Nathan, and others, and correspondence between variousfamily members. Correspondence between Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald is gatheredin his Papers (C0187). Additions to her papers consist of a family scrapbook of photographs, clippingsand memorabilia, dating from Zelda's childhood to 1927, and an album, compiledby Eleanor Lanahan in 1997, entitled Zelda by Herself, The Art of Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald , which contains a 45-page catalogand 235 color slides of all of the known art works of Zelda Fitzgerald and theirvarious locations. A later addition includes a jacket worn by Zelda, aphotograph of Zelda, Lane Montgomery's notes about Zelda from her writings, andher correspondence with Scottie Fitzgerald Smith (daughter of Zelda and F. ScottFitzgerald) and others about Zelda and William Luce's play Zelda (1984) in which Ms. Montgomery collaborated and performed.

  • William Michael Rossetti Collection

    The collection consists primarily of original letters and manuscripts of WilliamMichael Rossetti, one of the Pre-Raphaelite "brothers." Rossetti'scorrespondents include Charles Aldrich, William M. Colles, E. H. Leggatt,Everard Meynell, David M. Main, Frederick Locker, Ford Madox Ford, TheodoreWatts-Dunton, Walter Severn, Octavia Susman, and others. The manuscripts includean introduction to Miscellaneous Essays, Sketches, and Reviews, a volume of William Makepeace Thackeray's works; two undatedessays attributed to Rossetti entitled "Flowers in Ancient Egypt" and "TheGardens of Ancient Egypt;" a prefatory note to Charles Dicken's Pictures from Italy; and a biographical sketch ofFord Madox Brown. Also present are three photographs of Rossetti and familymembers, and a small selection of miscellanea, including an article on Italianhistory and the politics of the Papacy by Rossetti's father, GabrieleRossetti.The following standard abbreviations, or their variations, are used to identifymaterials in this collection: ALS = autograph letter signed, ACS = autographcard signed, ANS = autograph note signed, AMs = autograph manuscript, and TMs =typed manuscript.

  • William Francis Magie Papers

    The collection consists of miscellaneous papers of Magie: records and reportcards from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), school recordsfrom Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin, manuscripts of some of hisaddresses, a manuscript of the "Account of the process of making the Ph.D. atBerlin, 1885," and selected correspondence. The records from the College of NewJersey include an entrance exam schedule, Magie's letter of admission (1875),and his award certificate (1878) for the Dickinson Prize. There are sixautograph (and one typewritten) addresses on various scientific topics given atconferences and club meetings. The records from Friedrich-Wilhelms-UniversitätBerlin include a registration form, a student ID card, a receipt, a studentmanual (1882), three lists of classes, a record of courses taken, his Ph.D.degree (1884), and a printed copy of his dissertation (1885). The correspondenceincludes three letters (1882) to Magie's mother and father from Princeton, and aletter and two photographs from Frederick S. Osborne to Edward Steese, datedJuly 2, 1945, regarding the Magie grave tablet. In addition, there is shortdocument about physics signed by Hermann von Helmholtz, Magie's German mentor.

  • William Francis Magie Papers

    The collection consists of miscellaneous papers of Magie: records and reportcards from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), school recordsfrom Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin, manuscripts of some of hisaddresses, a manuscript of the "Account of the process of making the Ph.D. atBerlin, 1885," and selected correspondence. The records from the College of NewJersey include an entrance exam schedule, Magie's letter of admission (1875),and his award certificate (1878) for the Dickinson Prize. There are sixautograph (and one typewritten) addresses on various scientific topics given atconferences and club meetings. The records from Friedrich-Wilhelms-UniversitätBerlin include a registration form, a student ID card, a receipt, a studentmanual (1882), three lists of classes, a record of courses taken, his Ph.D.degree (1884), and a printed copy of his dissertation (1885). The correspondenceincludes three letters (1882) to Magie's mother and father from Princeton, and aletter and two photographs from Frederick S. Osborne to Edward Steese, datedJuly 2, 1945, regarding the Magie grave tablet. In addition, there is shortdocument about physics signed by Hermann von Helmholtz, Magie's German mentor.

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