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FITZGERALD, F. SCOTT, Class of 1917 (1896-1940)

Princeton alumnus and author of novels and short stories, whose works are the paradigmatic writings of the Jazz Age. Fitzgerald is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century.

  • The F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers were the gift of the author’s daughter, Scottie Fitzgerald Lanahan, in 1950 and remain among the greatest treasures in the Princeton University Library. Included are the autograph manuscript of The Great Gatsby and autograph and typewritten manuscripts (with the author's corrections) of The Beautiful and Damned, The Last Tycoon, Tender Is the Night, and This Side of Paradise. Among those well-represented in the correspondence are John Pearl Bishop, Arnold Gingrich, Ernest Hemingway, Ring Lardner, Shane Leslie, H. L. Mencken, Harold Ober (the literary agent), Maxwell Perkins, Andrew Turnbull, and Edmund Wilson.

  • Fitzgerald's library and his own published works have been one of the chief holdings of the department since 1951. There are more than 300 volumes by and about Fitzgerald on the shelves in the General Rare Books Collection. In addition, the Library has 318 books that were owned by Fitzgerald. For these, see the listing updated in December 2007, including at end the directions for finding annotated books in the College of One collection. (Title of this document is Books owned by F. Scott Fitzgerald Currently held in the Princeton University Library Compiled August 2001, revised December 2007, from lists dating from 1949, 1956, 1962, and cards found in the Association File.) The Collections File for the rare book division and comparable files for the manuscript collections have the original lists and other details about FSF's books.

    An important highlight of the Library's Fitzgerald collection is that it holds first editions of all but four of the 34 separate publications of FSF, as identified by Matthew J. Bruccoli. See his F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Bibliography. Section A. (Pittsburgh, 1972) [(ExB) Z8301.2 .B69 and Supp.]. The Library also has numerous later printings of these separate publications and these holding have been marked in ExB copy 2 of Bruccoli. Several important novels are in their first edition dust jackets, but the Library lacks those for This Side of Paradise, Flappers and Philosophers, Tales of the Jazz Age, and Tender is the Night.

    In the Manuscripts Division of the Library is Fitzgerald's own copy of The Great Gatsby and his own copy of Tender is the Night, both with corrections and annotations in his own hand. (See finding aid for collection number C0187.) Another highlight of the collection is the 119 separate editions of translations of works by Fitzgerald. The collection includes the first translation of a Fitzgerald novel into a foreign language (Gatsby le magnifique. Paris: Simon Kra, 1926) [(Ex) 3740.8.341.78], as well as numerous other more recent translations. A listing of the translations appears in the 1980 supplement of Bruccoli's bibliography.

  • Thanks to the generous donation of Charles Scribner III, Class of 1973, the Graphic Arts Colleciton houses the original dust jacket art of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s first edition of The Great Gatsby. Writing for the Princeton University Library Chronicle in 1992, Scribner explained how he came by the original gouache painting by Francis Cugat (1896-1981). His cousin, George Schieffelin, discovered the Cugat gouache sketch in a trash can of publishing “dead matter” and took it home. Passed down through the family, the art eventually came into the hands of Charles Scribner III, who kindly donated it along with hundreds of other books, papers, and works of art to Princeton.

    According to Scribner’s research, Francis Cugat was born in Spain and raised in Cuba along with his brother, the musician and orchestra leader Xavier Cugat. Francis worked in New York City as an illustrator in the 1920s and 1930s, before moving to Hollywood. The Great Gatsby commission came in 1924, while the book was still unfinished. Originally titled “Among the Ash Heaps and Millionaires,” Fitzgerald also toyed with calling it “Trimalchio in West Egg,” “On the Road to West Egg,” and “Gold-hatted Gatsby.”

    Fitzgerald liked the design Cugat proposed (for which the artist was paid $100) and wrote to his publisher, “For Christ’s sake don’t give anyone that jacket you’re saving for me. I’ve written it into the book.” Cugat called his design “Celestial Eyes.” The novel was first published with this jacket in 1925 and again in 1979 for the Scribner Library paperback edition.

Research Tools for Printed Material (Books, Maps, Prints, etc.)

Atlases and Maps

  • Philippe Vandermaelen: Atlas Universel (1827)

    In March 2009, with substantial funds provided by the Friends of the Princeton University Library, supplemented with money from Rare Books, the Historic Maps Collection acquired a copy of Belgian cartographer Philippe Vandermaelen’s Atlas universel, consisting of approximately 380 conically projected sheets of maps and 40 pages of statistical tables in six volumes. This folio-size atlas is remarkable for several reasons. It is the first atlas produced by the then new printing process of lithography. It is also the first atlas to show the whole world in maps using a large uniform scale—about 26 miles to the inch. Moreover, the maps are designed to be joined into a three-dimensional terrestrial globe with a diameter of approximately 7.75 meters (almost 25 feet). The library's Digital Studio joined in our project to digitize the sheets so that they could be made available, in high resolution, over the web. In addition, because of the projection of the maps, we felt that stitching the continental maps together and wrapping their "skin" over a generic globe would provide a unique viewing experience--creating a virtual 3D version of Vandermaelen's physical globe. This was achieved by the library's GIS librarian, with some help from the university's Media Center.

  • Rare Books

    See entrys in thie guide for the following:

    ENGLISH BOOKS, EARLY PRINTED, 1475-1700
    ENGLISH BOOKS -- The Princeton One Hundred Great English Books
    ENGLISH CIVILIZATION OF THE LATTER SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
    ENGLISH LITERATURE AND HISTORY -- EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY See: VICTORIAN POETS, VICTORIAN NOVELISTS as well as many relevant author entries in this Guide
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE 1890'S
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY See: EDWARDIAN NOVELS, BEACH, SYLVIA (1887-1962), and many relevant author entries in this Guide

  • Public Policy

    Dwight D. Eisenhower Administration Photographs

    George W. Ball Papers

    John Foster Dulles Papers

    Chalmers Benedict Wood Papers

    Development and Resources Corporation 

    William E. Colby Papers

    George McGovern Papers

    William P. Bundy Papers

    Arthur F. Rall Papers

  • Todd Collection of Photographically Extra-Illustrated Tauchnitz Editions, 1750-1985

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  • Miscellaneous Screenplays

    The collection consists of miscellaneous screenplays and related materials, such as continuity, superimposed versions (i.e. script translations), release dialogue scripts, and revisions/drafts. There are also a few information packets--these include interviews with and/or biographies of stars, synopses, and various and sundry other materials meant for release. Studios represented include 20th Century Fox, United Artists, Warner Brothers, MGM, Universal Studios, Paramount Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney. Film titles of note include "Barbarella," "Buck Rogers," "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid," "Casablanca," "Chinatown," "Cinderella," "Citizen Kane," "A Clockwork Orange," "Doctor Zhivago," "Flashdance," "Goldfinger," "Superman," "Taming of the Shrew," "The Ten Commandments," "2001: A Space Odyssey, and "Wait Until Dark."

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers

    The collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes andrelated material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of ZeldaFitzgerald. Included are the typescript, set for printer, of Save Me the Waltz (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,1932), manuscripts (mostly typescripts) of short stories, articles, and her play Scandalabra , and tear sheets of some of herpublished articles and stories: "Big Top," "Caesar's Things," "Choreography ofan Idea," "Janno and Jacob," "Other Names for Roses," "Show Mr. and Mrs. F. toNumber...," and "Unembellished." Also present is a portrait drawing by Zelda ofher husband, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and several other drawings. There are lettersto her daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald (married name, Scottie FitzgeraldSmith), correspondence with other people, such as Ludlow Fowler, Charles Kalman,Margaret Turnbull, George Nathan, and others, and correspondence between variousfamily members. Correspondence between Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald is gatheredin his Papers (C0187). Additions to her papers consist of a family scrapbook of photographs, clippingsand memorabilia, dating from Zelda's childhood to 1927, and an album, compiledby Eleanor Lanahan in 1997, entitled Zelda by Herself, The Art of Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald , which contains a 45-page catalogand 235 color slides of all of the known art works of Zelda Fitzgerald and theirvarious locations. A later addition includes a jacket worn by Zelda, aphotograph of Zelda, Lane Montgomery's notes about Zelda from her writings, andher correspondence with Scottie Fitzgerald Smith (daughter of Zelda and F. ScottFitzgerald) and others about Zelda and William Luce's play Zelda (1984) in which Ms. Montgomery collaborated and performed.

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers

    The collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes andrelated material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of ZeldaFitzgerald. Included are the typescript, set for printer, of Save Me the Waltz (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,1932), manuscripts (mostly typescripts) of short stories, articles, and her play Scandalabra , and tear sheets of some of herpublished articles and stories: "Big Top," "Caesar's Things," "Choreography ofan Idea," "Janno and Jacob," "Other Names for Roses," "Show Mr. and Mrs. F. toNumber...," and "Unembellished." Also present is a portrait drawing by Zelda ofher husband, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and several other drawings. There are lettersto her daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald (married name, Scottie FitzgeraldSmith), correspondence with other people, such as Ludlow Fowler, Charles Kalman,Margaret Turnbull, George Nathan, and others, and correspondence between variousfamily members. Correspondence between Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald is gatheredin his Papers (C0187). Additions to her papers consist of a family scrapbook of photographs, clippingsand memorabilia, dating from Zelda's childhood to 1927, and an album, compiledby Eleanor Lanahan in 1997, entitled Zelda by Herself, The Art of Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald , which contains a 45-page catalogand 235 color slides of all of the known art works of Zelda Fitzgerald and theirvarious locations. A later addition includes a jacket worn by Zelda, aphotograph of Zelda, Lane Montgomery's notes about Zelda from her writings, andher correspondence with Scottie Fitzgerald Smith (daughter of Zelda and F. ScottFitzgerald) and others about Zelda and William Luce's play Zelda (1984) in which Ms. Montgomery collaborated and performed.

  • William Michael Rossetti Collection

    The collection consists primarily of original letters and manuscripts of WilliamMichael Rossetti, one of the Pre-Raphaelite "brothers." Rossetti'scorrespondents include Charles Aldrich, William M. Colles, E. H. Leggatt,Everard Meynell, David M. Main, Frederick Locker, Ford Madox Ford, TheodoreWatts-Dunton, Walter Severn, Octavia Susman, and others. The manuscripts includean introduction to Miscellaneous Essays, Sketches, and Reviews, a volume of William Makepeace Thackeray's works; two undatedessays attributed to Rossetti entitled "Flowers in Ancient Egypt" and "TheGardens of Ancient Egypt;" a prefatory note to Charles Dicken's Pictures from Italy; and a biographical sketch ofFord Madox Brown. Also present are three photographs of Rossetti and familymembers, and a small selection of miscellanea, including an article on Italianhistory and the politics of the Papacy by Rossetti's father, GabrieleRossetti.The following standard abbreviations, or their variations, are used to identifymaterials in this collection: ALS = autograph letter signed, ACS = autographcard signed, ANS = autograph note signed, AMs = autograph manuscript, and TMs =typed manuscript.

  • William Francis Magie Papers

    The collection consists of miscellaneous papers of Magie: records and reportcards from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), school recordsfrom Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin, manuscripts of some of hisaddresses, a manuscript of the "Account of the process of making the Ph.D. atBerlin, 1885," and selected correspondence. The records from the College of NewJersey include an entrance exam schedule, Magie's letter of admission (1875),and his award certificate (1878) for the Dickinson Prize. There are sixautograph (and one typewritten) addresses on various scientific topics given atconferences and club meetings. The records from Friedrich-Wilhelms-UniversitätBerlin include a registration form, a student ID card, a receipt, a studentmanual (1882), three lists of classes, a record of courses taken, his Ph.D.degree (1884), and a printed copy of his dissertation (1885). The correspondenceincludes three letters (1882) to Magie's mother and father from Princeton, and aletter and two photographs from Frederick S. Osborne to Edward Steese, datedJuly 2, 1945, regarding the Magie grave tablet. In addition, there is shortdocument about physics signed by Hermann von Helmholtz, Magie's German mentor.

  • William Francis Magie Papers

    The collection consists of miscellaneous papers of Magie: records and reportcards from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), school recordsfrom Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin, manuscripts of some of hisaddresses, a manuscript of the "Account of the process of making the Ph.D. atBerlin, 1885," and selected correspondence. The records from the College of NewJersey include an entrance exam schedule, Magie's letter of admission (1875),and his award certificate (1878) for the Dickinson Prize. There are sixautograph (and one typewritten) addresses on various scientific topics given atconferences and club meetings. The records from Friedrich-Wilhelms-UniversitätBerlin include a registration form, a student ID card, a receipt, a studentmanual (1882), three lists of classes, a record of courses taken, his Ph.D.degree (1884), and a printed copy of his dissertation (1885). The correspondenceincludes three letters (1882) to Magie's mother and father from Princeton, and aletter and two photographs from Frederick S. Osborne to Edward Steese, datedJuly 2, 1945, regarding the Magie grave tablet. In addition, there is shortdocument about physics signed by Hermann von Helmholtz, Magie's German mentor.

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DH Projects & Online Collections

Notable Holdings

  • F. Scott Fitzgerald Papers

    This collection consists of manuscripts of all of the major literary efforts of
    Fitzgerald (Princeton Class of 1917), as well as related documents and
    correspondence, thus providing a comprehensive record of America's best-known writer

  • F. Scott Fitzgerald Additional Papers

    The collection onsists of additional (i.e., in addition to the F. ScottFitzgerald Papers) writings, including published juvenilia, letters, documents,photographs, tape recordings, and memorabilia of Fitzgerald (Princeton Class of1917), and material of others about him.

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers

    The collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes andrelated material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of ZeldaFitzgerald.