World War II
Collections about World War II at Princeton include personal remembrances by participants in that conflict, the records of organizations that intervened to promote particular policy aims during the war, and records of organizations that participated in post-war reconstruction.
Collections with Divisional Holdings
Fight for Freedom, Inc. Records
The Fight for Freedom, Inc. Archives documents the views and activities of a national citizen’s organization that was formed in April 1941 to press for the United States’s immediate entry into World War II in defense of Britain and other victims of Nazi aggression. The collection consists of organizational records and material acquired in the course of Fight for Freedom’s work, including correspondence, speeches, writings, press releases, administrative records, printed matter, photographs, phonograph records, and ephemera.
Eugene W. Sloan papers
Consists of fourteen scrapbooks compiled by Sloan. Two scrapbooks, which Sloan compiled while Executive Director of the War Savings Staff, contain photographs, clippings, correspondence, and other mementos detailing his professional and personal life, including his World War I military service (including photographs) as well as his tenure at the Department of the Treasury in the Franklin Roosevelt administration. Letters of thanks from James Forrestal and Henry Morganthau to Sloan are included.
Edward Mead Earle Papers
The bulk of the collection consists of professional correspondence between Earle and university professors, government officials, and influential members of committees and councils. This correspondence reveals the extent of Earle's diverse network of associations as well as that of his business travels both locally to New York and Washington and abroad to the Caribbean, England, and Western Europe.
Council on Foreign Relations Records: Studies Department Series
The Studies Department Series documents the planning and execution of the various study groups (including discussion groups, current issue review groups, seminars, workshops and conferences) and projects. Documents in this series reflect the administration of the Studies Department (mainly through correspondence and subject files), the records of the groups themselves (through correspondence, background papers, meeting minutes and final reports), and the subject files and correspondence of major players in the Council’s Studies Department from the 1940s onward.
Council on Foreign Relations Records
The Records of the Council on Foreign Relations document the history of this research organization from its founding in 1921 through the present, detailing its role in underpinning the development of an internationalist tradition in the twentieth century United States. The collection includes valuable source documents and papers from meetings, group discussions and studies, and conferences led by American and international experts and visiting statesmen in both New York and Washington, D.C.
Council on Foreign Relations Meetings Records
The Meetings Series documents the work of the Council's Meetings Department, including administrative issues such as correspondence with speakers, attendance records, and the non-attribution rule, as well as the records of the actual meetings themselves. Early meeting records often include a transcript of the speaker's remarks at the meeting; this process was discontinued after 1964 as a cost saving measure.
Council on Foreign Relations Digital Sound Recordings
The digital sound recordings of the Council on Foreign Relations were transfered from original reel to reel tapes of Council meetings. Transcripts of meetings were created until 1963; from 1964 through 1970, there is no record of what was said at any events mounted by the Meetings Department at the Council unless the event was \on the record\ and the speaker issued written text. The Council's records contain a small number of tapes from the early 1970s.
Council on Books in Wartime Records
Consists of the records of the Council on Books in Wartime. Included are records from
the preliminary foundation meetings at Times Hall, New York City, through the
cessation of formal operations in 1946. There are administrative files containing
minutes of the Board of Directors, headed by Archibald Ogden, the Executive
Committee, chaired by W. W. Norton, and annual meeting proceeedings; subject files of
Committee to Defend America By Aiding the Allies Records
Consists of files relating to the political, educational, and fund-raising activities of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Included are 1) correspondence (such as that of Roger S.
Charles T. Lanham Papers
The Charles T. Lanham Papers documents the general’s WWII and post war military service, his private sector employment with several corporations, and his extensive correspondence from 1944 until his death in 1978. The papers contain correspondence, scrapbooks, photographs, journals, speeches, and legal documents. The materials that compose the private sector series, the majority of which are correspondence, document his individual work and the activities of the Market Relations, Penn Texas, and Xerox corporations.
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