World War II
Collections about World War II at Princeton include personal remembrances by participants in that conflict, the records of organizations that intervened to promote particular policy aims during the war, and records of organizations that participated in post-war reconstruction.
Collections with Divisional Holdings
Council on Foreign Relations Records
The Records of the Council on Foreign Relations document the history of this research organization from its founding in 1921 through the present, detailing its role in underpinning the development of an internationalist tradition in the twentieth century United States. The collection includes valuable source documents and papers from meetings, group discussions and studies, and conferences led by American and international experts and visiting statesmen in both New York and Washington, D.C.
Council on Foreign Relations Meetings Records
The Meetings Series documents the work of the Council's Meetings Department, including administrative issues such as correspondence with speakers, attendance records, and the non-attribution rule, as well as the records of the actual meetings themselves. Early meeting records often include a transcript of the speaker's remarks at the meeting; this process was discontinued after 1964 as a cost saving measure.
Council on Foreign Relations Digital Sound Recordings
The digital sound recordings of the Council on Foreign Relations were transfered from original reel to reel tapes of Council meetings. Transcripts of meetings were created until 1963; from 1964 through 1970, there is no record of what was said at any events mounted by the Meetings Department at the Council unless the event was \on the record\ and the speaker issued written text. The Council's records contain a small number of tapes from the early 1970s.
Council on Books in Wartime Records
Consists of the records of the Council on Books in Wartime. Included are records from
the preliminary foundation meetings at Times Hall, New York City, through the
cessation of formal operations in 1946. There are administrative files containing
minutes of the Board of Directors, headed by Archibald Ogden, the Executive
Committee, chaired by W. W. Norton, and annual meeting proceeedings; subject files of
Committee to Defend America By Aiding the Allies Records
Consists of files relating to the political, educational, and fund-raising activities of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies. Included are 1) correspondence (such as that of Roger S.
Charles T. Lanham Papers
The Charles T. Lanham Papers documents the general’s WWII and post war military service, his private sector employment with several corporations, and his extensive correspondence from 1944 until his death in 1978. The papers contain correspondence, scrapbooks, photographs, journals, speeches, and legal documents. The materials that compose the private sector series, the majority of which are correspondence, document his individual work and the activities of the Market Relations, Penn Texas, and Xerox corporations.
Bernard M. Baruch Papers
This collection consists consists primarily of public papers relating to Baruch's various involvements in government affairs. It includes several runs of office correspondence as well as a small amount of personal correspondence. Among the Political Activities documented in this collection are his involvement in the War Industries Board, the American Commission to Negotiate Peace, the Council of National Defense, the National Industrial Conference, the Saratoga Springs Commission, the Rubber Survey Committee, the War and Post-War Adjustment Unit of the U.S.
William W. Lockwood
The bulk of the William W. Lockwood Papers relate to the American Institute of Pacific Relations (IPR). These papers specifically document the IPR and Lockwood's activities within the IPR during the McCarthy era, and include minutes, correspondence, conference reports and IPR research projects and publications. A significant amount of the IPR papers concern the investigation of the IPR by Senator Joseph McCarthy and Senator Pat McCarran and the subsequent 1952 Senate Judiciary Subcommittee hearings on the alleged Communist activities of the organization and some of its members.
American Civil Liberties Union Washington, D.C. Office Records
Material in the two series includes correspondence, memoranda, telegrams, reports, legal briefs and pleadings, testimony, press releases, publications, and magazine and newspaper clippings. Series 1, Irving Ferman Records, contains more administrative documents than does Series 2, Lawrence Speiser Records, which consists largely of case files. Speiser's records also contain files that pre-date his position as director of the Washington, D.C. Office.Both series contain similar headings and subheadings.
William E. Colby Papers
The William E. Colby Papers reflect primarily Colby's post-CIA career as a consultant in international relations. However, there is a small amount of materials from his tenure at the CIA, including the texts of his testimony before Congress. Also of interest is material relating to the forty-year reunion of OSS officers who had served in France and Norway (including a thesis manuscript on the group's activities during the war).
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