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American History/20th Century

Includes collections related to 20th-century American history, in particular World War I, World War II, and the Cold War as well as immigration, diplomatic relations, and national and international policy. Collections span public policy papers, diaries, correspondence, and literary manuscripts.

  • Examples of papers in our collections include the Adlai E. Stevenson Papers, Allen Dulles Papers, John Foster Dulles Papers, American Civil Liberties Unions Records, Bernard Baruch Papers, Council on Foreign Relations Records, David E. Lilienthal Papers and more.

    To search these collections please use the Finding Aid's website.

Research Tools for Printed Material (Books, Maps, Prints, etc.)

Atlases and Maps

  • Philippe Vandermaelen: Atlas Universel (1827)

    In March 2009, with substantial funds provided by the Friends of the Princeton University Library, supplemented with money from Rare Books, the Historic Maps Collection acquired a copy of Belgian cartographer Philippe Vandermaelen’s Atlas universel, consisting of approximately 380 conically projected sheets of maps and 40 pages of statistical tables in six volumes. This folio-size atlas is remarkable for several reasons. It is the first atlas produced by the then new printing process of lithography. It is also the first atlas to show the whole world in maps using a large uniform scale—about 26 miles to the inch. Moreover, the maps are designed to be joined into a three-dimensional terrestrial globe with a diameter of approximately 7.75 meters (almost 25 feet). The library's Digital Studio joined in our project to digitize the sheets so that they could be made available, in high resolution, over the web. In addition, because of the projection of the maps, we felt that stitching the continental maps together and wrapping their "skin" over a generic globe would provide a unique viewing experience--creating a virtual 3D version of Vandermaelen's physical globe. This was achieved by the library's GIS librarian, with some help from the university's Media Center.

  • Rare Books

    See entrys in thie guide for the following:

    ENGLISH BOOKS, EARLY PRINTED, 1475-1700
    ENGLISH BOOKS -- The Princeton One Hundred Great English Books
    ENGLISH CIVILIZATION OF THE LATTER SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
    ENGLISH LITERATURE AND HISTORY -- EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY See: VICTORIAN POETS, VICTORIAN NOVELISTS as well as many relevant author entries in this Guide
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE 1890'S
    ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY See: EDWARDIAN NOVELS, BEACH, SYLVIA (1887-1962), and many relevant author entries in this Guide

  • Public Policy

    Dwight D. Eisenhower Administration Photographs

    George W. Ball Papers

    John Foster Dulles Papers

    Chalmers Benedict Wood Papers

    Development and Resources Corporation 

    William E. Colby Papers

    George McGovern Papers

    William P. Bundy Papers

    Arthur F. Rall Papers

  • Todd Collection of Photographically Extra-Illustrated Tauchnitz Editions, 1750-1985

    TEXT

  • Miscellaneous Screenplays

    The collection consists of miscellaneous screenplays and related materials, such as continuity, superimposed versions (i.e. script translations), release dialogue scripts, and revisions/drafts. There are also a few information packets--these include interviews with and/or biographies of stars, synopses, and various and sundry other materials meant for release. Studios represented include 20th Century Fox, United Artists, Warner Brothers, MGM, Universal Studios, Paramount Pictures, Columbia Pictures, and Walt Disney. Film titles of note include "Barbarella," "Buck Rogers," "Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid," "Casablanca," "Chinatown," "Cinderella," "Citizen Kane," "A Clockwork Orange," "Doctor Zhivago," "Flashdance," "Goldfinger," "Superman," "Taming of the Shrew," "The Ten Commandments," "2001: A Space Odyssey, and "Wait Until Dark."

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers

    The collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes andrelated material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of ZeldaFitzgerald. Included are the typescript, set for printer, of Save Me the Waltz (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,1932), manuscripts (mostly typescripts) of short stories, articles, and her play Scandalabra , and tear sheets of some of herpublished articles and stories: "Big Top," "Caesar's Things," "Choreography ofan Idea," "Janno and Jacob," "Other Names for Roses," "Show Mr. and Mrs. F. toNumber...," and "Unembellished." Also present is a portrait drawing by Zelda ofher husband, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and several other drawings. There are lettersto her daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald (married name, Scottie FitzgeraldSmith), correspondence with other people, such as Ludlow Fowler, Charles Kalman,Margaret Turnbull, George Nathan, and others, and correspondence between variousfamily members. Correspondence between Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald is gatheredin his Papers (C0187). Additions to her papers consist of a family scrapbook of photographs, clippingsand memorabilia, dating from Zelda's childhood to 1927, and an album, compiledby Eleanor Lanahan in 1997, entitled Zelda by Herself, The Art of Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald , which contains a 45-page catalogand 235 color slides of all of the known art works of Zelda Fitzgerald and theirvarious locations. A later addition includes a jacket worn by Zelda, aphotograph of Zelda, Lane Montgomery's notes about Zelda from her writings, andher correspondence with Scottie Fitzgerald Smith (daughter of Zelda and F. ScottFitzgerald) and others about Zelda and William Luce's play Zelda (1984) in which Ms. Montgomery collaborated and performed.

  • Zelda Fitzgerald Papers

    The collection consists of manuscripts, correspondence, miscellaneous notes andrelated material, documents, pictures, clippings, and photographs of ZeldaFitzgerald. Included are the typescript, set for printer, of Save Me the Waltz (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons,1932), manuscripts (mostly typescripts) of short stories, articles, and her play Scandalabra , and tear sheets of some of herpublished articles and stories: "Big Top," "Caesar's Things," "Choreography ofan Idea," "Janno and Jacob," "Other Names for Roses," "Show Mr. and Mrs. F. toNumber...," and "Unembellished." Also present is a portrait drawing by Zelda ofher husband, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and several other drawings. There are lettersto her daughter, Frances Scott Fitzgerald (married name, Scottie FitzgeraldSmith), correspondence with other people, such as Ludlow Fowler, Charles Kalman,Margaret Turnbull, George Nathan, and others, and correspondence between variousfamily members. Correspondence between Zelda and F. Scott Fitzgerald is gatheredin his Papers (C0187). Additions to her papers consist of a family scrapbook of photographs, clippingsand memorabilia, dating from Zelda's childhood to 1927, and an album, compiledby Eleanor Lanahan in 1997, entitled Zelda by Herself, The Art of Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald , which contains a 45-page catalogand 235 color slides of all of the known art works of Zelda Fitzgerald and theirvarious locations. A later addition includes a jacket worn by Zelda, aphotograph of Zelda, Lane Montgomery's notes about Zelda from her writings, andher correspondence with Scottie Fitzgerald Smith (daughter of Zelda and F. ScottFitzgerald) and others about Zelda and William Luce's play Zelda (1984) in which Ms. Montgomery collaborated and performed.

  • William Michael Rossetti Collection

    The collection consists primarily of original letters and manuscripts of WilliamMichael Rossetti, one of the Pre-Raphaelite "brothers." Rossetti'scorrespondents include Charles Aldrich, William M. Colles, E. H. Leggatt,Everard Meynell, David M. Main, Frederick Locker, Ford Madox Ford, TheodoreWatts-Dunton, Walter Severn, Octavia Susman, and others. The manuscripts includean introduction to Miscellaneous Essays, Sketches, and Reviews, a volume of William Makepeace Thackeray's works; two undatedessays attributed to Rossetti entitled "Flowers in Ancient Egypt" and "TheGardens of Ancient Egypt;" a prefatory note to Charles Dicken's Pictures from Italy; and a biographical sketch ofFord Madox Brown. Also present are three photographs of Rossetti and familymembers, and a small selection of miscellanea, including an article on Italianhistory and the politics of the Papacy by Rossetti's father, GabrieleRossetti.The following standard abbreviations, or their variations, are used to identifymaterials in this collection: ALS = autograph letter signed, ACS = autographcard signed, ANS = autograph note signed, AMs = autograph manuscript, and TMs =typed manuscript.

  • William Francis Magie Papers

    The collection consists of miscellaneous papers of Magie: records and reportcards from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), school recordsfrom Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin, manuscripts of some of hisaddresses, a manuscript of the "Account of the process of making the Ph.D. atBerlin, 1885," and selected correspondence. The records from the College of NewJersey include an entrance exam schedule, Magie's letter of admission (1875),and his award certificate (1878) for the Dickinson Prize. There are sixautograph (and one typewritten) addresses on various scientific topics given atconferences and club meetings. The records from Friedrich-Wilhelms-UniversitätBerlin include a registration form, a student ID card, a receipt, a studentmanual (1882), three lists of classes, a record of courses taken, his Ph.D.degree (1884), and a printed copy of his dissertation (1885). The correspondenceincludes three letters (1882) to Magie's mother and father from Princeton, and aletter and two photographs from Frederick S. Osborne to Edward Steese, datedJuly 2, 1945, regarding the Magie grave tablet. In addition, there is shortdocument about physics signed by Hermann von Helmholtz, Magie's German mentor.

  • William Francis Magie Papers

    The collection consists of miscellaneous papers of Magie: records and reportcards from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), school recordsfrom Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Berlin, manuscripts of some of hisaddresses, a manuscript of the "Account of the process of making the Ph.D. atBerlin, 1885," and selected correspondence. The records from the College of NewJersey include an entrance exam schedule, Magie's letter of admission (1875),and his award certificate (1878) for the Dickinson Prize. There are sixautograph (and one typewritten) addresses on various scientific topics given atconferences and club meetings. The records from Friedrich-Wilhelms-UniversitätBerlin include a registration form, a student ID card, a receipt, a studentmanual (1882), three lists of classes, a record of courses taken, his Ph.D.degree (1884), and a printed copy of his dissertation (1885). The correspondenceincludes three letters (1882) to Magie's mother and father from Princeton, and aletter and two photographs from Frederick S. Osborne to Edward Steese, datedJuly 2, 1945, regarding the Magie grave tablet. In addition, there is shortdocument about physics signed by Hermann von Helmholtz, Magie's German mentor.

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Additional Research Guides

  • John Foster Dulles Collections at the Mudd Manuscript Library

    John Foster Dulles (1888-1959) was the fifty-third Secretary of State of the United States and served during Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency. Dulles had a long and distinguished public career during which he made a significant impact upon the formulation of United States foreign policies. He was especially involved with efforts to establish world peace after World War I, the role of the United States in world governance, and Cold War relations between the United States and the Soviet Union.

    The collections that comprise the Mudd Library's holdings on John Foster Dulles document his career and influence on formation of U.S. foreign policy. Most significantly, Mudd's collections detail Dulles's tenure as Secretary of State (1953-1959), but also his participation at conferences and on committees including the Hague Conference of 1907, the American Commission to Negotiate Peace (1918-1919), the United Nations General Assembly, and Japanese Peace Treaty negotiations. His career at Sullivan and Cromwell, term as Interim U.S. Senator from New York, and work on the Commission to Study the Basis of  Just and Durable Peace of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ in America are also documented.

  • American Jurisprudence Collections at the Mudd Manuscript Library

    Twenty-five collections comprise the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library's holdings in American jurisprudence. These collections document important issues spanning the 20th century, especially civil liberties and civil rights, but also the history of the Supreme Court. Significant collections include the papers of Justice John Marshall Harlan, Judge Harold R. Medina, Edward S. Corwin, Alpheus T. Mason, the ACLU Records, and a lengthy transcript of an oral history interview with Justice William O. Douglas.

  • History of the Cold War: Selected Resources at the Mudd Manuscript Library

    The Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library holds papers for architects of the Cold War strategy and those who fought the battles. Significant collections include the papers of James Baker, George Ball, Allen Dulles, John Foster Dulles, James Forrestal, George Kennan, George McGovern and Adlai Stevenson and the records of the Council on Foreign Relations.